A Comparative Study of Psychological Maladjustment between Drug Addicts and Non Drug Addicts in Peshawar

  • Bushra Sajid
  • Syeda Nadia Shah department of psychology, islamia college peshawar
Keywords: drug addiction, addicts, non-addicts, psychological maladjustment


The present research was conducted to explore the degree of psychological adjustment/maladjustment among male drug addicts in Peshawar. For this purpose, a representative sample of two hundred participants (N=200) with age range of 22-35 years. The sample comprised of one hundred (n=100) drug addicts and one hundred (n=100) non-addicts with mean age of M=32.83 (SD=8.90), selected from Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar and Dost Welfare Foundation, Peshawar, whereas, (n=100) non-drug addicts, with mean age of M=26.80 (SD=4.45), were selected from general population. It was observed that majority of the drug addicts were uneducated and belonged to low socioeconomic class. To obtain reliable results, both the study groups were matched in terms of age, level of education, and employment status. The demographic information of the participants was recorded using personal data sheet devised by the researcher. For the assessment of psychological adjustment/maladjustment of both groups, Urdu version of Personality Assessment Questionnaire (Riaz, 2011) was administered which was originally developed in English language by Rohner and Khaleque (2008). The results showed higher level of psychological maladjustment among drug addicts as compared to non-drug addicts. Furthermore, significant difference between the two groups on total score of PAQ (p <.001) was also evident in the study. It was concluded that drug addicts suffered from severe psychological distress in terms of aggression/hostility, dependency, low self-adequacy, emotional instability, emotional unresponsiveness, and negative worldview.

Author Biography

Syeda Nadia Shah, department of psychology, islamia college peshawar

lecturer, department of psychology