The Significance of Interactional Justice on Human Dignity that Shapes Mass Exodus of Employees in an Organization: A Case Study of SMEs in Private Sector of Pakistan

  • Junaid Athar Khan Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan
  • Qadar Bakhsh Baloch
Keywords: interactional justice, human dignity, self-respect, mass exodus of employees, employees turnover intentions, SMEs in Pakistan, private sector organizations


The study aims to investigate the relationship between perceived interactional justice and mass exodus of employees or employee’s turnover intentions in the employees of private sector SMEs of Pakistan, while considering the mediating impact role of human dignity/self-interest of employees. Deductive research approach with quantitative methodology is used for conducting this study and responses from 50 employees working in 10 different SMEs located in twin-cities Rawalpindi and Islamabad were obtained through pre-structured questionnaires. Multiple regression and inter-variable correlation analysis were applied for evaluating the relationship between the given variables of the study. SPSS data analysis tool is used for the statistical evaluation of responses obtained from the participants of the study, which are then interpreted and explained under each relevant section. The findings of this study fully supported the conceptual framework by accepting all the three hypothesis of the study. Finally, the researcher has identified certain limitations related to the given evaluation and also provided explanations regarding the possible future implications of the given study, so that the future researcher can use this study as an effective pool of knowledge before starting their respective studies.