Study of Self-Esteem of Orphans and Non- Orphans
The aim of the study was to explore the relationship and difference between Self-esteem, social, physical and self- competence and academic self-concept among Orphans and Non-orphans. The total sample consisted of three hundred and twenty five (N=325) children, comprising of one hundred and fifty (n=150) orphans and one hundred and seventy five (n=175) non-orphans. The children are divided into four (4) groups namely: institutionalized orphans are hundred (n=100), institutionalized non-orphans are ninety (n=90), non- institutionalized orphans are fifty (n=50) and non- institutionalized non-orphans are eighty-five (n=85). Boys and girls were taken from different schools and orphanages of Peshawar with the age range of 13 to 16 years. Tools used in the study included self-esteem and a demographic questionnaire. Non-probability sampling technique is used and data is analyzed by using t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), inter scale correlation, logistic regression, and chi-square test to explore the difference and relationship between these variables. The findings of inter-scale correlation reveal a significant relationship between self-esteem, social, physical and self- competence and academic self-concept among orphans and non- orphans. Analysis indicated that orphan children have higher level of self-esteem as compared to non-orphans. The research concludes that non-orphans hold better social and physical competence than orphans and the research suggest that more work needs to be done on orphans to better understand the problems.
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